Montessori teachers are specifically shown how to teach children to read, write and do math. In addition, they are taught how to help children become independent, responsible, self-disciplined and cooperative. The teachers are shown how to teach practical skills such as carpentry and sewing. And they are taught specifically how to teach children the various subjects areas: science such as botany, zoology and astronomy; the social sciences of history and geography; and such arts as music, dance and different forms of handwork. The teachers are also taught techniques and materials for helping development of such basic capacities as the control over movement and the development of the senses of sight, touch, taste and smell.